Compare and contrast ad hoc incrementalism and rational decision making models. II. Use examples of each type of model to illustrate the similarities and differences

PAD 632 Module Two Short Paper Guidelines and Rubric

Overview: This paper will help you understand these two classic decision-making models, which will provide value in your personal and professional life. Prompt: Decision making in public administration can be viewed as following one of two main models: the scientific (rational) model or the incremental (ad hoc or garbage can) model. The models are described in more detail in the following resources: Public Administration and Policy Analysis: Rationality vs. “Muddling Through” and The Science of Muddling Through. It seems logical that the rational decision-making model may be the best choice in every case. However, there are times when it is impossible to take the time to logically analyze a decision. For example, when “Sully” Sullenberger landed a plane in the Hudson, he was forced to use the ad hoc incrementalism decision-making model. You can read more about Sully’s decision in this article “Sully” Sullenberger Remembers the Miracle on the Hudson. Compare and contrast ad hoc incrementalism and the rational decision-making models, using examples. Specifically the following critical elements must be addressed:

I. Compare and contrast ad hoc incrementalism and rational decision making models. II. Use examples of each type of model to illustrate the similarities and differences.

Guidelines for Submission: Your paper must be submitted as a 2- to 3-page Microsoft Word document with double spacing, 12-point Times New Roman font, one-inch margins, and at least two sources cited in APA format.

Critical Elements Exemplary (100%) Proficient (90%) Needs Improvement (70%) Not Evident (0%) Value Compare and

Contrast Meets “Proficient” criteria and utilizes scholarly sources as support

Compares and contrasts ad hoc incrementalism and rational decision-making models

Compares and contrasts ad hoc incrementalism and rational decision-making models, but is inaccurate and/or missing details

Does not compare and contrast ad hoc incrementalism and rational decision-making models

45

Examples Meets “Proficient” criteria and provides specific detail

Uses examples of each type of model to illustrate the similarities and differences

Uses examples of each type of model to illustrate the similarities and differences, but is inaccurate and/or missing details

Does not use examples of each type of model to illustrate the similarities and differences

45

Articulation of Response

Submission is free of errors related to citations, grammar, spelling, syntax, and organization and is presented in a professional and easy-to- read format

Submission has no major errors related to citations, grammar, spelling, syntax, or organization

Submission has major errors related to citations, grammar, spelling, syntax, or organization that negatively impact readability and articulation of main ideas

Submission has critical errors related to citations, grammar, spelling, syntax, or organization that prevent understanding of ideas

10

 

http://www.d.umn.edu/~schilton/3221/LectureNotes/3221.RationalityVsMuddlingThrough.2003.Spring.html
http://www.d.umn.edu/~schilton/3221/LectureNotes/3221.RationalityVsMuddlingThrough.2003.Spring.html
http://www.jstor.org/stable/973677?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents
http://www.newsweek.com/miracle-hudson-343489

 

 

Total 100%