Briefly discuss how Otto von Bismarck in late 19th century Germany combined aristocratic, authoritarian rule with progressive social policies.
Briefly identify how the advocates of imperialism defended their policies of overseas conquests in later 19th century Europe.
Briefly identify some factors that encouraged what Berenson calls “the flurry of inventions” in later 19th century Europe.
Briefly identify why the early stages of the First World War became bogged down in prolonged warfare instead of ending with a quick victory for one side or the other.
Briefly identify why popular support in 1914 for the First World War in the countries involved grew into protests and mutinies near the end of that war.