Compare and contrast the ways in which territorial states formed across Afro-Eurasia and how they interacted with each other

Discuss the new ideas that emerged from the Great Schools of the Axial Age. Compare and contrast the ideas of China’s sages with the ideas emerging in the same period in India and Greece. Why do we tend to divide the new philosophies between “natural philosophy” and “moral” or “political” philosophy? Give an example of each. Why do we tend to call the teachings of Chinese and Greek scholars “philosophy” whereas we tend to think of the teachings emerging in India as “religious”? (Hint: To answer this question, you will have to read the Armesto chapter posted on the website AS WELL AS the textbook chapters.)

Define a “territorial state.” How did territorial states differ from city-states? Compare and contrast the ways in which territorial states formed across Afro-Eurasia and how they interacted with each other (Map 3.2 will be helpful here). Why does your textbook contend that these territorial states pioneered “international diplomacy.”