Cross-cultural Management; QAB020X652H- Using an appropriate model of cultural values contrast two cultures then discuss what potential problems might arise for people from these two cultures doing business with one another

Assessment Essay Outline

Essay Topic:

Using an appropriate model of cultural values contrast two cultures then discuss what potential problems might arise for people from these two cultures doing business with one another.

Overview

Note that this is an essay, not a report. An essay allows you to construct and present an argument in your own way, so it allows you to develop your own thoughts. An essay does not have sub-headings. An essay develops an argument based on evidence to persuade the reader of a point of view, whereas a report presents facts and makes recommendations.

There are two main ways in which you can approach this essay topic:

  1. You could begin by finding some real life problems and then apply a theory of national culture (eg. Hofstede or GLOBE) to them.
  2. Or, you could begin by comparing the Hofstede dimensions of two countries and then predict the kind of problems that would follow from these differences. Then, give examples, of real-life problems to illustrate your predictions.

Do not forget that you only have 1,500 words to write, so do not try to be over ambitious in how much ground you try to cover, which may lead to vagueness.

The term “business problem” covers a wide range of possibilities which may include such matters as team working, leadership and negotiation. You cannot cover all of the possibilities in an essay of this length so, once again, you must decide how to focus your essay.

Please remember that these are only notes to guide you and if you feel that your own argument calls for a different structure, you should follow your own judgement. (Don’t forget that there are no headings in an essay, so these headings are only for guidance).Now you can begin writing.

Approach 1

With this approach, you should begin by choosing two countries where there has been a substantial amount of research on their business relationships eg UK-Japan, USA-Mexico etc. Find descriptions of two or three business problems that have risen. These may be found in high quality newspapers such as the Financial Times or the Economist, business magazines, academic case studies or academic journal articles.

Next, choose which theory or theories you will choose as your analytical tool. The main possibilities are: Hofstede, a combination of Hofstede and Hall and GLOBE. You should write a concise explanation of the theory in your own words but with reference to the theory literature (eg. Hofstede’s “Software of the Mind”).

Introduction

Explain what the essay is about and how you will approach the topic. Here you will say, in only a few words, what problems you will be looking at and what theory you will use for your analysis.The introduction should contain a sentence which summarises the whole essay including the conclusion (thesis statement).

Body of the essay

Next, you will explain your theoretical toolsand show awareness of criticisms and limitations of the theory.

Then, you will describe the first problem.

Following that, you will apply your theory to the problem to analyse it and suggest possible solutions.

The next step, is to describe the second problem.

Then, apply your theory to it and suggest possible solutions.

Conclusion

Finally, you come to a conclusion. Here you can compare and contrast the two problems and solutions that you have discussed and draw some generalisations about the kind of problems, and advantages, that may arise from these countries doing business together.

Approach 2

With this approach, you should begin by choosing two countries which are in strong contrast with each other when looked at from the point of view of their Hofstede dimensions. You will then discuss how each of these differences may cause problems in a business context. Finally, some examples from real-life will help to illustrate your argument.

Introduction

Explain what the essay is about and how you will approach the topic. You will name your theory and explain that you will develop your argument by looking at the consequences of the different scores of your two countries on the Hofstede dimensions. The introduction should contain a sentence which summarises the whole essay including the conclusion (thesis statement).

Body of the essay

You should explain the theory that you are using with reference to the original texts (eg. Hofstede’s “Software of the Mind”) and showing awareness of criticisms and limitations of the theory.

Next, describe the view of each country in turn that is shown by their scores on each of the Hofstede dimensions.

Then, explain what problems might arise from the differences between the countries on each dimension and suggest possible solutions

Finally, give some real-life examples that illustrate the points you have made in the previous section.

Conclusion

Give a brief overview of the differences between the two countries as you have described them and a summary of the kinds of general problems that will arise as a result. Then, give some recommendations to practitioners who have to work in the context of the two countries.

Example of a completed LTFP and Assessment brief for students

 

Module Title:Cross-cultural Management Module Code:QAB020X652H Module Convener:Dr. Grace Mansah-Owusu
Brief introduction to module

This module develops students’ knowledge of the issues involved in managing a diverse workforce, working in different cultural environments and managing in a multi-national organization. Throughout the module the concern will be both about organizational effectiveness and ethics and social responsibility in the management of culture. The module will also give the opportunity for students to develop their knowledge of management and organizational practices in different parts of the world.

 

Module learning outcomes:

On successful completion of this module you will be able to

1.      Knowledgeoutcome – You will be able to demonstrate an understanding of models for understanding differences in national and organizational culture, different communication styles across cultures, ethical issues and dilemmas relating to cross cultural management and key debates in globalisation and migration.

2.      Intellectual /transferrable skill – You will be able to be more sensitive to cultural differences, when working within a diverse team or moving to a new culture.

 

 

Week No Lecture topic Seminar activities Recommended reading Directed study Alignment to Roehampton Business Graduate
BR1 BR2 BR3
1 Meaning of Culture in general and its uses and limitations

Objective:

  • Why study cross-cultural management?
  • Defining and conceptualising ‘culture’: a difficult and contested area.

 

 

Assessment briefing

1- Key dates

2- what need to be covered

3- How to submit

 

Watching a short movie on: 10 Surprising Ways To Offend People In Other Countries

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UTE0G9amZNk

 

Seminar activity; Exploring my cultural identity File

Essential:

French, R. (2015). Cross-Cultural Management in Work Organisations. CIPD. Chapter 2

 

Recommended:

Ali, M. and Brooks, L. (2009). A situated cultural approach for cross-cultural studies in IS. Journal of Enterprise Information Management. Vol 22(5), pp. 548-563

 

McSweeny, B. (2002). Hofstede’s model of national cultural differences and their consequences: A triumph of  faith – a failure of analysis. Human Relations, Vol. 55(1),pp. 89–118

 

I quite like this article on national culture:

http://www.aacsb.edu/~/media/AACSB/Publications/CDs%20and%20DVDs/GLOBE/readings/national-cultural-differences-and-multinational-business.ashx

 

 

  X X

 

2  Doing research into national culture

Objective:

  • To review and explore different national culture theories
  • To explore similarities and differences between different cultural theories
  • To evaluate the application of Hofstede’s  research findings on organisational & management practice

 

An online questionnaire (you can find the link to it on Moodle) on national culture

 

Watch this Video and relate to the online questionnaire

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DqAJclwfyCw

 

Group Discussion on criticism on Hoftsede Model (based on McSweeny article)

 

List the key criticismcomments and fed back to wider audience (rest of group)

 

 

Essential:

French, R. (2015). Cross-Cultural Management in Work Organisations. CIPD. Chapter 3,4

 

Recommended:

Hofstede, G (1983). National cultures in four dimensions: A Research-based Theory of Cultural Differences among Nations. Int Studies of Man & Org. Vol. Xlll. No. 1-2, pp. 46-74

 

 

Watch this video on national culture :

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wdh40kgyYOY

 

 

Watch this video before next week class

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rd0kf3wd120

 

X   X
3 Organisational Culture,  different models and approaches

Objective:

•       Distinguish different cultural levels and define organisational culture

•       Explain the role of culture in organisation and why culture is important in organisations

•       Explain different theories of organisational culture

 

Using a measurement tool for assessing organisational culture

 

Individual work on measuring OC by using  Organisational Culture Assessment Instrument (OCAI) developed by Cameron and Quinn (2011) based on Competing Value Framework

 

Discussion and comparisons of the result in a group of 4 and then  feedback to whole class

 

Essential:

Cameron, K.S. and Quinn, R.E. (2011). Diagnosing and Changing Organizational Culture: Based on the Competing Values Framework 3rd ED. John Wiley & Sons: SF. Chapters. 1 to 3

 

Recommended:

Van den Berg, P.T., and Widerom, C. P.M. (2004). Defining, Measuring, and Comparing Organisational Cultures. Applied Psychology: An International Review, Vol. 53(4),pp. 570 –582

 

Very interesting article on Organisational Culture VS. National Culture

 

https://danielsethics.mgt.unm.edu/pdf/Culture%20DI.pdf

 

 

 

X

   
4 Culture, multicultural teams and Leadership

Objective:

·         To consider the effect of culture as an explanatory factor within existing approaches to understanding leadership.

·         To review the contribution of Project GLOBE. In considering Project GLOBE, provide a case study of methods used in cross-cultural business studies.

 

 

 

 

watching a video on leadership:

Culture and Leadership by Joseph Trimble

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fuHj3jsBdKE

 

Group discussion

1- Is there any link between national culture and type of leadership style chosen by people?

2- Is there a link between organisational culture and leadership style? Does leader create organisational culture or organisational culture direct leader to adopt specific leadership style?

3-Can you relate the point about Alpha Male leader character with masculinity/femininity or power distance dimension of national culture?

4- Discuss the differences and similarities among 3 leadership styles mentioned in the video

 

 

Essential:

French, R. (2015). Cross-Cultural Management in Work Organisations. CIPD. Chapter 5. 7

 

Recommended:

Schimmoeller, L.J. (2011). Leadership Styles in Competing Organizational Cultures. Leadership Review, Vol. 10, pp. 125-141.

 

Veisi, M; Veisi, K; Hasanvand, H. (2012). The Effect of Organizational Culture on Organizational Structure (Case Study of Refah Banks Branches in Kermanshah City). J. Basic. Appl. Sci. Res., Vol.2(4), pp. 3880-3887

 

Nazarian, A., and Atkinson, P. (2013). Impact of Culture on Leadership Style: The Case of Iranian Organisations. World Applied Sciences Journal, Vol. 28 (6), pp. 770-777.

 

 

     
5 OrganisationalCommitment,Organisational Justice andWork- FamilyInterface.

 

Objectives:

·         Identifythreetypesoforganisationalcommitmentand how eachofthese affectsemployeeworkbehaviour.

 

·         Explain howcultureinfluences commitment.

 

·         Considertheroleoforganisations in helping employees managethe work-familyinterface.

 

 

 

1.      In pairs to respond to short quiz [True/False and Multiple Choice] relating to topic of this weeks lecture.

 

2.      In small groups (four) students will discuss both the TED talk video and their own work experiences.

Key comments to be captured and fed back to wider audience (rest of group).

3.      In same groups (as activity 2) to reflect and comment on questions on flip chart paper…to be circulated after 10 minutes.

 

Essential :

Francesco, A. M. and Gold, B. A. (2005) International Organisational Behaviour, 2nd edition, Pearson Prentice Hall, New Jersey, Chapter 9.

 

Recommended :

De Cieri,H.,andBardoel,E. A.(2009)Whatdoeswork-life managementmean in China and SoutheastAsiaforMNCs? Community,WorkandFamily,12,179-196

 

McMillan,H.S.,Morris,M.L.and Atchley,E. K.(2011)Constructs oftheWork/LifeInterface:A SynthesisoftheLiterature and Introduction ofthe ConceptofWork/Life Harmony,Human Resource DevelopmentReview,10(1):6-25

 

 

 

1.      Watch http://www.ted.com/talks/anne_marie_slaughter_can_we_all_have_it_all?language+en

 

2.      Think about your own work experience. What makes you feel committed to an organisation?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
6 Culture and Diversity

To understand:

Objective:

·         Whatrole doesculturaldiversityplay in theglobalization of organisations?

 

·         Whatarethekeyskills in managing culturaldiversity?

 

·         Whatarethekeysourcesofconflict?

 

·         Howcan a managerpreventa crisisfromoccurring?

Read the short case study on Volvo and then:-

Individually, respond to the following three questions

(1)   What are three things you have learnt?

(2)   What are two things you found interesting?

(3)   What is the one question you still have?

Now get into groups of three/four share your responses and ask each other the question(s) you still have.  Prepare a mindmap on flipchart paper detailing your group response and be prepared to share this with the whole class.

 

 

 

Essential

Browaeys,M-Jand Price,R,(2011)Understanding Cross-Cultural Management(2ndEd.),Harlow:Pearson Education Ltd.Chapters12 and 17.

 

Recommended :

Hartel,C.E.(2004)Towardsamulticultural world:Identifying worksystems,practices and employee attitudes thatembracediversity,Australian Journal ofManagement,

29:189-200.

 

Holden, R.(2001) Managing People‟sValuesandPerceptions inMulti-Cultural Organisations:TheExperience ofa HRDirector, Employee Relations,23(6):614-26.

 

 

 

Watchthefollowinghttp://youtube.be/48RoRi0ddRU

 

Iklas, A. (1996) Attitudes towards women in the Arabian Gulf region, Women in Management Review, 11(1): 29-39.

 

Nemetz, P. L. and Christensen, S. L. (1996) The challenge of Cultural Diversity: Harnessing a Diversity of Views to Understand Multiculturalism, The Academy of

Management Review, (21): 434-62.

     
7 Reading week
8 Ethics and corporate social responsibility: cross cultural perspectives (Joyce)

Objectives:

1) To evaluate alternative models & approaches to ethical business practice & CSR

2) To consider the importance of citizenship, social justice & human rights in cross cultural management

3) To review responsibilities and outcomes of major world disaster e.g. Bhopal Disaster  and BP Gulf Oil disaster as examples of  cultural exploitation

 

Watch the documentary movie about internationalcoffee trade : Black Gold

 

2) Group discussions on problems of  fair trade

 

 

Essential

Eabrasu, M, 2012, ‘A Moral Pluralist Perspective on Corporate Social Responsibility: From Good to Controversial Practices’, Journal of Business Ethics, vol.110, 429-439.

 

Recommended:

Nakano, C, 1997,  ‘A Survey Study on Japanese Managers’ Views of Business Ethics’, Journal of Business Ethics, vol.16, 1737-1751.

 

Dartey-Baah, K and Amponsah-Tawia K., 2011, ‘Exploring the limits of Western Corporate Social Responsibility Theories in Africa’, International Journal of Business and Social Science, 2(18), 126-137.

 

 

 

Read the news entitled ‘10

Reasons Fair-Trade Coffee Doesn’t Work’ in Huffington Post and be prepared to discuss the problem of fair trade in the seminar.

 

 

X

 

   
9 Business Communication and Barriers to Intercultural Communication.

 

Objectives:  to understand

 

1.      Thedifferentcomponentsthathave an influenceon the processofcommunication.

 

2.      Obstacles andBarriers to intercultural communication.

1.      Short icebreaker “The Form” with facilitated questions afterwards.

2.      In small groups (as allocated) to undertake research to discussand then present aspects ofnon-verbalcommunication [asallocated by tutor].

 

3.      In same groups (as activity 2) to reflect and comment on questions on flip chart paper…to be circulated after 10 minutes

Essential:

 

Browaeys,M-Jand Price,R,(2011)Understanding Cross-Cultural Management(2ndEd.),Harlow:Pearson Education Ltd.Chapters13 and 14.

 

Recommended:

Griffith,D. A.(2002)Therole ofcommunication competencies in international business relationship development,Journal ofWorld Business,37(4):256-265.

 

 

 

 

Watch the following link

http://youtube.be/YMyofREc5Jk

 

 

 

 

 

   

 

10 Negotiating Internationally

 

Objectives:  To understand

 

Whether you are from a high-contextorlow-contextculture?

 

How yourculturalcharacteristics might influenceyourchoice ofstrategies in negotiation?

 

 

How to prepareforcross- cultural negotiations?

 

 

Based on the youtube clip…Ingroupsprepareyourown version,basedon negotiatingin Brazil,Mexico,France, Poland,Greece or Italy (as allocated).

Watch http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cwK9CcF7g3k&sns=em

 

Youwill have 20 minutes toresearchthis,20 minutestoprepare and10 minutesto present.

 

Essential

Browaeys,M-Jand Price,R,(2011)Understanding Cross-Cultural Management(2ndEd.),Harlow:Pearson Education Ltd.Chapter 17

 

Recommended

Alon,I.,and Brett,J.M.(2007)Perceptionsoftime andtheir impacton negotiations intheArabic-speaking Islamic world. Negotiation Journal,January,55073

 

Al-Khatib,J.A.,Malshe,A.,andAbdulkader,M.(2008) Perceptionsofunethicalnegotiating tactics:Acomparative studyofUSand SaudiManagers.InternationalBusiness Review,17,78-102

 

Watchhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cwK9CcF7g3k&sns=em

 

 

 

 

 

 

     
11 Working Across Persian Gulf Co-operation Council Countries.

 

Objectives

Transfer current learning to a country context, namely Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries,

 

Be familiar with current institutions that shape management practices in GCC countries,

 

Be aware of the management culture in GCC countries,

 

Understand management practices and work-related values in GCC countries.

In pairs, to peer review draft submission for either Box A or Box B question.

 

Further feedback [this may be verbal] will be provided by the seminar tutor.

 

 

Essential

Iklas, A. (1996) Attitudes towards women in the Arabian Gulf region, Women in Management Review, 11(1): 29-39

 

 

 

Consider final questions related to the assessment.    

 

 

 

Assessment Brief

Academic year and term: 2017-18

Semester 2

 

Module title: Cross-Cultural Management
Module code: QAB020X652H
Module Convener: Dr. Grace Mansah-Owusu
Module Tutor: Dr. Grace Mansah-Owusu
Learning outcomes assessed within this piece of work as agreed at the programme level meeting ·         Define and criticise models for understanding differences in national and organisational culture

·         Describe ways in which cultural differences impact on behaviour in organisations by comparing different national cultures,

·         Demonstrate how models for understanding motivation, leadership and group behaviour take account or fail to take account of cultural differences

·         Define how verbal and non-verbal communication varies across cultures and the impact on managers

·         Determine the problems likely to be faced by international managers working in a different culture to their own

·         Be sensitive to cultural differences, when working within a diverse team or moving to a new culture

·         Explore ethical issues and dilemma’s relating to cross cultural management

Type of assessment:            Essay based assignment:

One compulsory question to be attempted [1500 words +/- 10%] and One question from selection of Three [1500 words+/- 10%]

[3000 words +/- 10%in total]

 

Assessment deadline: 15.08.2018 by 2.00 pm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Instructions for assessment

With reference to appropriate models, theories, frameworks and academic literature, you are to required to respond to two essay titles, as follows:

 

the compulsory question from Box A,

and

one from the selection in Box B

 

you should provide your answer in the form of a discursive essay in not more than 1500 words (+/- 10%) for each title [3000 words +/- 10%in total].

 

The pieces of work are equally weighted at 50% of the overall mark.  Note that you should not include any appendices in your finished piece of work.

 

 

Box A

 

Compulsory Question:

 

Using an appropriate model of cultural values, contrast two cultures then discuss what potential problems might arise for people from these two cultures doing business with one another.

 

 

 

Box B

 

Please select ONE of the following questions:

 

Critically   evaluate   cross   cultural   communication   as   being   an   under-estimated   challenge   in   international

Management. Discuss providing examples.

2. Critically   discuss   what   the   barriers   and   challenges   facing   multi-national   groups   and/or   teams   and   do   they

outweigh the opportunities?

3. Critically investigate what happens as the global economy develops so does ethics and social responsibility in the

same way?

Critically   evaluate   cross   cultural   communication   as   being   an   under-estimated   challenge   in   international

Management. Discuss providing examples.

2. Critically   discuss   what   the   barriers   and   challenges   facing   multi-national   groups   and/or   teams   and   do   they

outweigh the opportunities?

3. Critically investigate what happens as the global economy develops so does ethics and social responsibility in the

same way?

Critically   evaluate   cross   cultural   communication   as   being   an   under-estimated   challenge   in   international

Management. Discuss providing examples.

2. Critically   discuss   what   the   barriers   and   challenges   facing   multi-national   groups   and/or   teams   and   do   they

outweigh the opportunities?

3. Critically investigate what happens as the global economy develops so does ethics and social responsibility in the

same way?

  1. What is meant by stereotyping, provide an example and discuss how this might act as a barrier, or an aid, to effective communication

 

  1. How much responsibility should an organisation take for helping its employees manage work and family interface?  Discuss with examples.

 

  1. Critically investigate whetherorganisations around the world are becoming more similar?

 

 

Essays for both questions should be submitted as one submission document.

 

Word limits and penalties for assignments

 

The assignment should be within 10% [+ or -] the identified word count.

 

The word count is to be declared on the front page of your assignment and the assignment cover sheet.  The word count does not include:

 

·      Title and Contents page
·      Glossary

·      Reference List or Bibliography

 

Please note, in text citations [e.g. (Smith, 2011)] and direct secondary quotations [e.g. “dib-dab nonsense analysis” (Smith, 2011 p.123)] are INCLUDED in the word count.

 

How will we support you with your assessment?

  • You will receive formative feedback during the module, this will take the form of classroom based activities.
  • There will be an assessment briefing in week 6.
  • You will be able to submit an outline of your proposed assignment in week 8, this will be no more than one page and comments may be given verbally or in writing on the outline.

How will your work be assessed?

Your work will be assessed by your module tutor who will use the marking grid provided in this assessment brief.  When you access your marked work it is important that you reflect on the feedback so that you can use it to improve future assignments.

Referencing

You MUST use the Harvard System.  The Harvard system is very easy to use once you become familiar with it.

Assignment submissions

The Business School requires a digital version of all assignment submissions.  These must be submitted via Turnitin on the module’s Moodle site.  They must be submitted as a Word file (not as a pdf) and must not include scanned in text or text boxes.  They must be submitted by 2pm on the given date.  For further general details on coursework preparation refer to the online information via StudentZone http://studentzone.roehampton.ac.uk/howtostudy/index.html.

Mitigating circumstances/what to do if you cannot submit a piece of work or attend your presentation

The University Mitigating Circumstances Policy can be found on the University website – Mitigating Circumstances Policy

Marking and feedback process

Between you handing in your work and then receiving your feedback and marks within 20 days, there are a number of quality assurance processes that we go through to ensure that students receive marks which reflects their work. A brief summary is provided below.

  • Step One – The module and marking team meet to agree standards, expectations and how feedback will be provided.
  • Step Two – A subject expert will mark your work using the criteria provided in the assessment brief.
  • Step Three – A moderation meeting takes place where all members of the teaching and marking team will review the marking of others to confirm whether they agree with the mark and feedback
  • Step Four – Work at Levels 5 and 6 then goes to an external examiner who will review a sample of work to confirm that the marking between different staff is consistent and fair
  • Stop Five – Your mark and feedback is processed by the Office and made available to you.

 

Assessment/Marking  Criteria

Cross-Cultural Management
Criteria Fail/Referral

(0-19)

Fail/Referral

(20-39)

3rd class

(40-49)

Lower 2nd Class

(50-59)

Upper 2nd Class

(60-69)

1st Class

(70-79)

1st Class

(80-100)

Awareness of  Issues

(20%)

Critically identifies CCMissues as they apply to the question (compulsory or selected) applies topic specific concepts in a critical manner.

 

No evidence of research or reading. Very little, inadequate research and reading Some evidence of appropriate research and reading, but lacks academic argument.

 

Little evidence of preparation and heavy reliance on few sources.

Good evidence of appropriate research and reading giving a well-balanced overview.

 

Shows a good knowledge and understanding of the subject. Evidence of some research beyond core material.

 

Very good evidence of appropriate research and reading giving a well-balanced overview

 

Shows very good awareness and an ability to discuss key points in a critical way.

 

Excellent evidence of appropriate research and reading giving an insightful and well-balanced overview

 

Shows an excellent  awareness of the subject and an ability to discuss key points in a critical and insightful way

Outstanding evidence of appropriate research and reading giving an insightful and well-balanced overview

 

Shows an outstanding  awareness of the subject and an ability to discuss key points in a critical and insightful way

Analysis and Evaluation

(30%)

Extracts essential elements from the literature or learning for discussion and relates to the wider contexts, model and perspectives in relation to CCM

 

Wholly descriptive with many key omissions.

 

 

 

Wholly descriptive and failing to mention key points.

 

 

Engages with key issues but in a descriptive way

 

 

Predominantly descriptive but some evidence of analytical thought

 

Some key points and arguments considered but not fully developed

Predominantly analytical with good links to research publications and development of a coherent academic discussion.

 

Evidence of an appreciation of conflicting points of view

 

Analytical and comparative with substantive links to research publications and development of an excellent academic discussion.

 

Critical appreciation of conflicting points of view and how they relate to each other

Outstanding analytical and comparative work with substantive links to research publications and excellent academic discussion of these.

 

Outstanding critical appreciation of conflicting points of view and how they relate to each other

Integration of Theory and Practice

(30%)

Able to filter theory and critique into coherent and consistent arguments. Shows evidence of undertaking relevant reading and backs up discussions with a credible evidence base in order to consider the issues raised by the assignment.

 

No evidence of understanding or integration and  application of relevant theory Very little, inadequate, evidence of understanding or integration and  application of relevant theory Some understanding and integration and  application of relevant theory but with errors

 

 

 

Clear evidence of understanding and application of integration and  relevant theory, largely correct with minor errors of detail Significant, relevant understanding and integration and  application of relevant theory with few very minor errors of minor detail Significant relevant and correct understanding and integration and  application of relevant theory in an insightful and critical way Outstanding significant relevant and correct understanding and integration and  application of relevant theory in an insightful and critical way
Practical Implications and Conclusion

(10%)

Clearly identifies the consequences of issues and considers the impact of solutions in practice.

 

No conclusion and / or recommendations Conclusion unrelated to the preceding discussion or

to the assignment brief.

 

Recommendations are limited and / or largely unrelated

 

 

Conclusion is relevant but unclear in some aspects, requires further justification

 

Recommendations are limited

Conclusion relates to the identified topic and to the preceding discussion with reasonable justification

 

Some articulation recommendations

Conclusion relates clearly and logically to the identified topic and to the preceding discussion; well justified and explained with mention of limitations

 

Recommendations are detailed and relevant and justified

Conclusion is concise and insightful; relates clearly and logically to the identified topic and to the preceding discussion; excellent justification and discussion of limitations

 

Well justified recommendations

Conclusion demonstrates outstanding insight and comprehensiveness in addition to the other good qualities mentioned

 

Extremely detailed and well justified recommendations

Presentation and References

(10%)

Uses appropriate format for assignment. Clear and well-structured and indexed work following a logical sequence of thoughts and linking sections to produce a quality report. Appropriate referencing including books, journals and electronic sources using the Harvard System of referencing.

 

No or insignificant attempt to present information in correct format.

Absence of referencing. Plagiarism

Poor presentation with a number of errors

Very low frequency of referencing.

No attempt to use the Harvard style.

Mainly good presentation but some errors

Low frequency of referencing.

Limited/ inaccurate use of the Harvard style.

Good presentation in correct format with few errors

Most work referenced. Range of sources used. Generally accurate use of the Harvard style.

Very good presentation in correct format

Very few references omitted. Wide range of sources used.  Accurate use of the Harvard style.

Excellent presentation in correct format

Professional standard of referencing. Wide range of sources used.

 

Excellent presentation in correct format

Professional standard of referencing. Wide range of sources used.

 

 

Appendix One: Assignment Checklist
  • You are strongly advised to look through this checklist before you submit your assignment.
  ü
Main body of your assignment
You have created a title page which includes your, name, the module code and the word count (excluding Appendix).  
You have answered the compulsory question from Box A, in an essay format and proof read your work?  
You have answered one question from Box B, in an essay format, clearly identifying which question and having proof read your work?  
To double check at the end…….
You have reviewed the assessment brief and marking criteria for a final time to ensure that your work meets the requirements.  
You have proof read your work carefully.  
You have ensured that all of your references in the main text are presented in Harvard format and that page numbers have been provided for all direct quotes.  
You have ensured that a full list of references is provided at the end of your assignment.  

 

 

 

 

 

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