Describe how the Gen. William T. Sherman’s Special Order 15 Reconstruction and Reparations efforts were used to help the “freedmen” recover from enslavement
Listed below is the assignment, the resource link and attached are additional resources.
Engage: Study guide; (optional: F&H Chapter 9)
Consider the following antebellum events:
David Walker’s “Appeal to The Coloured…” (1829); William Lloyd Garrison’s “The Liberator” (1831) and Nat Turner’s revolt (1831); the “Underground Railroad,” 1850s’ events: 1850 Compromise, the 1854 Kansas-Nebraska Act, the 1856 Dred Scott Supreme Court case and John Brown’s 1859 Harper’s Ferry raid/revolt.
In essay format (a full paragraph for each question/answer), answer the following questions:
-Generally, how effective or ineffective were the activity/creation of the following 3 “militant abolitionists”: David Walker, William L. Garrison, Nat Turner?
-Of the four 1850s national events listed above (1850 Compromise, etc.), which in you view caused 11 southern slave states to secede from the U.S.A., sparking the Civil War of 1861-1865; why?
-In your view, which one of these 4 events was least impactful in causing southern slave states to secede from the U.S.A./Union; why?
-How significant and impactful were the following other events: Harriet Beecher Stowe’s novel, “Uncle Tom’s Cabin”; the 1860 election of Republican President Abraham Lincoln; in causing the 11 southern states to secede from the U.S.A./Union?
-After exploring the issues leading up to the U.S. Civil War, what questions or wonderments remain in your mind? (Mandatory!)
Engage: All relevant unit resources; (Optional: F&H Chapters 9, 10, 11, 12)
Reflect on the Civil War (1861-1865) victory of the Union (U.S.A) over the Confederates (C.S.A.) and the benefits that victory facilitated for Blacks including constitutional promises of freedom, citizenship, universal male suffrage, opportunities to compete for and hold political offices, etc.
In essay format (a full paragraph per question, and with detailed resource support) answer the following questions:
-In your view, was the U.S. Civil War (1861-1865) fought to end enslavement or to stop the expansion of slavery into the growing numbers of western states; why were Blacks eager to fight on the Union side of the war?
-Based on your reading and understanding of President Abraham Lincoln’s 1863 “Emancipation Proclamation”, how did the so-called “Great Emancipator” use this document and African Americans to help the Union side win the war?
-Describe how the following 6 Reconstruction and Reparations efforts were used to help the “freedmen” recover from enslavement:
A) Gen. William T. Sherman’s Special Order 15 (“40 Acres & a Mule”),
B) 13th, 14th & 15th Amendments to the U.S. Constitution,
C) Freedman’s Bureau,
D) Charlotte Forten (Grimke),
E) African American elected officials (approximately 1,465)
F) American Missionary Association,
-How did ending the Reconstruction Period (1865-1877) by the U.S. government in 1877, betray and set-back African Americans?
-Relative to the dynamics and the opportunities of the Civil War and the Reconstruction period, what are you left wondering about? (Mandatory).
Link to F & H chapters PPT’s: