Discuss the differences between horizontal and vertical coordination?

This week’s readings outline the ongoing evolution of federal-level American Administrative Law. Select any one of the 430 federal departments, agencies, or sub-agencies listed in the Index provided in this week’s resources. Once you have selected a specific federal department or agency that interests you for further study, review the history of that particular organization.

Prepare a written evaluation of the following:

  • Conduct research to determine when the agency was established and its original purpose, and how the organization’s primary role(s) has changed over time in terms of overall operational scope, number of assigned personnel, and annual operating budget increases to the responsibilities it performs today.
  • Identify the organization’s current senior leaders (secretary and undersecretary if a cabinet-level department or the director and deputy director if an agency).
  • Offer a critical assessment of a high profile or controversial administrative policy/procedure this agency has been responsible for supporting over the past 3 to 5 years.
  • Why are independent agencies established as independent? Are they necessary?

    What is the biggest difference between horizontal and vertical coordination? Which is better for efficient administration?

Develop a brief summary of the particulars of this specific issue/policy and the degree of implementation discretion (if any) that existed. Then, explain how the situation was ultimately resolved (or the current status of this

  • particular policy/procedure if litigation and/or legislative action is still pending).

Support your assignment with at least five scholarly resources. In addition to these specified resources, other appropriate scholarly resources, including seminal articles, may be included.

Length: 5 pages, not including title and reference pages

Your assignment should demonstrate thoughtful consideration of the ideas and concepts presented in the course by providing new thoughts and insights relating directly to this topic. Your response should reflect scholarly writing and current APA standards.