Discuss the differences in verbal and nonverbal communication between males and females. Using examples for each gender, discuss the different styles as they affect a situation or conversation. These examples can be verbal or nonverbal communication. Support your responses with a reference other than the textbook. Your initial posting should be at least 250 words and contain a scholarly, peer-reviewed source in addition to, or in lieu of, the textbooks
Verbal vs. Nonverbal Communication
Communication represents the manner in which people share ideas and beliefs (Duck & McMahan, 2013). People use communication to express their beliefs, emotions, opinions, values, and to learn, teach, and improve their status. Psychology and scientific research has shown observed that there are gender differences in communication between males and females (Lafrance & Vial, 2016). It has been widely acknowledged that men and women have fundamental differences in terms of abilities, inclinations, and traits across all age groups. Such beliefs are highly resistant to change, which makes characterization of women and communication different in both verbal and non-verbal communication.
In verbal communication, research indicates that men adopt a “report talk” while women are prone to a “rapport talk.” The “report” communication style has little or no emotional connotation, implying that it does not have personal anecdotes or stories (“Gender communication differences,” 2018). For example, men participate in a practical style of communication that is directed at solving a problem at hand; thus, they tend to speak for longer periods and typically dominate the conversation (Lafrance & Vial, 2016). On the other hand, women adopt a “rapport” communication that aims at building relationships and using them to solve a problem (“Gender communication differences,” 2018). This implies more inclusion of personal stories, feelings, an inclusion of past experiences in conversations (Lafrance & Vial, 2016). For example, women tend to interject into a conversation by saying things like “this did happen to me too,” “mm hmm,” “I am so happy for you,” and so forth. By doing so, they build a relationship by establishing equality in a communication.
Notably, half of all communication happens in a non-verbal form. However, women and men use different non-verbal cues in a communication (Canary & Babin-Gallagher, 2008). Men have been shown to assume a body posture that is more relaxed and expand more into physical space than women (Lafrance & Vial, 2016). For example, men will take any opportunity to make an introductory physical touch either through the patting someone’s shoulder or shaking hands to display dominance (Canary & Babin-Gallagher, 2008). In contrast, women take up less physical space when engaging in a communication by, for instance, by crossing their legs or keeping their hands close to their body (Lafrance & Vial, 2016). When engaging in a physical touch, it is primarily for connection. In addition, women tend to make more facial expressions and maintain direct and prolonged eye contact than men, which helps them establish a connection or relationship rather than show dominance as seen in men (Canary & Babin-Gallagher, 2008).
In summary, communication is an integral aspect of the everyday lives of people, and occurs in both verbal and non-verbal forms. It is undeniable that there exist differences in both forms of communication between women and men. However, these differences manifest because men communicate to establish dominance while women seek to build relationships.