: Emailcardsonline.com and Ted Twister

Emailcardsonline.com offers free e-cards for various occasions. Ted Twister discovered a card on the site that he liked very much. He printed a copy, reformatted it using different design, fonts, and colors, but kept the exact same text as the e-card. He submitted the card to a major greeting card publisher who bought it. Emailcardsonline.com files suit against Ted Twister and the greeting card publisher. The publisher countersues or cross-claims against Ted Twister.

Examine all possible causes of action each party—Ted Twister and Emailcardsonline.com—has, the available defenses, and the party most likely to succeed.