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Thе Rоlе of Lеgislаtiоn in thе Histоry and Сurrеnt Роsitiоn of Аbоriginаl Реорlе in WA/Аustrаliа
Using biomedical and epidemiological approach, indigenous people tend to have poor health compared to non-indigenous people. The biomedical data reveal that health disparities among the Australian people exist whereby Aboriginal (indigenous people) have a life expectancy of 11 to 14 years lower compared to non-Aboriginal counterparts (Shepherd, Li, & Zubrick, 2012, p. 110). This is a clear indication that Aboriginal people experience high epidemiology due to health problems in Australia. According to Hopkins & et al (2015), the health problems are pervasive and worse for the Aboriginal population, compared to non-aboriginal people and to other indigenous population in the developed countries. Cusack & et al (2013) reveals that one-third of the Australian population is covered by the aboriginal population in access to proper socioeconomic variables. Furthermore, Nobel & et al (2015) relates that the two third of the aboriginal faces disparities of the essential socioeconomic factors making them vulnerable to poor health. Therefore, the societal structure contributes to the health condition of Aboriginal basing on where they grow, live, work as well as age leading to the social determinant of aboriginal health.
Mortality data undertaken across different states and Australian territories indicates that Aboriginal people in disadvantaged areas had high death rates compared to aboriginal living in the least disadvantaged areas (Campbell, 2014, p. 41). The biomedical shows that aboriginal in disadvantaged areas are 1.52 times mortality rate higher for male and 1.61 times mortality rate higher for female than other non-indigenous communities in Australia (Gubhaju, et al., 2013, p. 6). The greater context of the biomedical data reveals the health history of aboriginal people comparing to other non-aboriginal people. The current positions of Aboriginal health status are expressed through socioeconomic and livelihood aspects to determine their likelihood to proper healthcare (Garnett, Sithole, Whitehead, Burgess, Johnston, & Lea, 2009, p. 55). The legislative history focuses on improving the health condition of aboriginal to meet the standards of non-indigenous people living in Australia.