Examine one governmental program, policy, or process that has had a positive impact and one governmental program, policy, or process that has had a negative impact on the citizens of California.

American Federalism has been a very effective framework for sustaining our democracy. This overlapping and complementary system of government allows governmental leaders at all levels to develop their own political, social, and economic governance structures, and to provide indispensable goods and services to their constituencies. However, there are drawbacks to this multi-layered governance system as state and local governments often pursue their own goals and objectives, sometimes in conflict and sometimes in concert with federal goals and objectives. Consequently, each of these governance systems, local, state, and federal, have their own similarities, differences, strengths and weaknesses.

For this Final Paper, you will apply critical thinking skills and research capabilities to investigate selected state and local governments. First, analyze and discuss the similarities and differences between three state and local governments recognized for their distinctive governing features. California, Louisiana, and New York City governments have unique and similar programs, policies, and processes that should be the core research material for this assignment. Next, evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of these selected state and local governments. Finally, discuss the overall effectiveness of each government.

Use the following outline as a guide for the development of your Final Paper:

Introduction (half page):

  • Overview:  Briefly describe your main points.
  • Thesis: Discuss why are you evaluating these various levels of government.

Discussion and Analysis (five to six pages):

  • Describe the structure, governing powers, and economic situation of the California, Louisiana, and New York City governments.
  • Discuss one issue where each of these governments has conflicted, compromised, or cooperated with the federal government:
    • Discuss one issue concerning California’s government.
    • Discuss one issue concerning Louisiana’s government.
    • Discuss one issue concerning New York City’s government.
  • Examine governmental programs, policies, and processes that affect the citizens of these three states and cities:
    • Examine one governmental program, policy, or process that has had a positive impact and one governmental program, policy, or process that has had a negative impact on the citizens of California.
    • Examine one governmental program, policy, or process that has had a positive impact and one governmental program, policy, or process that has had a negative impact on the citizens of Louisiana.
    • Examine one governmental program, policy, or process that has had a positive impact and one governmental program, policy, or process that has had a negative impact on the citizens of New York City.