Explain how divided party control of Congress can make the policy process difficult.

The public policy process involves interactions between Congress and the bureaucracy.

a. Identify the primary role of Congress in the policy process.

b. Explain how divided party control of Congress can make the policy process difficult.

c. Identify the primary role of the bureaucracy in the policy process.

d. Explain how one of the following increases the power of the bureaucracy in the policy process.

· Rule making

· Bureaucratic discretion

e. Explain how each of the following enables Congress to limit the power of the bureaucracy.

· Oversight hearings

· Power of the purse

 

Source: The Congressional Budget Office, An Analysis of the President’s 2014 Budget, May 2013, and the Office of Management and Budget, FY 2014 Budget, Historical Tables, April 2013.

NOTE: Mandatory programs include Social Security, major federal health programs, other entitlement programs, and offsetting receipts.