How did foreign interventions and class racial, and ethnic conflicts shape the development of early nineteenth- century national identities in the united provinces of central america?

1-  How did foreign interventions and class racial, and ethnic conflicts shape the development of early nineteenth- century national identities in the united provinces of central america?

 

2- How did movements to abolish slavery variously affect the development of national identities in Brazil, Peru, Cuba, and Gran Colombia?

350 words each question.

MLA citation