How is sample size related to statistical tests and outcomes?

*Doctorate Level Questions*** No Plagiarism….Paraphrase the content, and provide Citations and References for each source provided….Please provide a substantive response for EACH question. Each question should each have a word count of 150 words or more….Please provide appropriate foundational knowledge, be factual, and enhance the dialogue….Please do not recite the same words just to provide word count….

Question One

How is sample size related to statistical tests and outcomes? Give a specific example. Why is it important to plan the sample size before collecting data?

Question Two

Fill in the following for a possible study with one independent variable (IV) with two conditions/treatments and a dependent variable (DV) that is measured on a continuous scale (interval or ratio):

  •  Independent variable = ______________
  • Condition A = ______________
  • Condition B = ______________
  • Dependent variable = _______________
  • How do you know this DV is measured on a continuous scale?
  • How would you word the null hypothesis for your sample study?
  • How would you word the alternative hypothesis for your sample study?
  • What alpha level would you set to test your hypothesis? Why?