Principles of War

1.Explain the fundamental differences between attitudes toward war in ancient China and Anciet Greece, Rome and emerging Western Europe.  Once you’ve noted these cultural differences, please explain how they account for different modes of fighting, taking into consideration the obvious differences in technology.  Do you think ancient China would have fought the way Greece, Rome and neighboring cultures did barring any technological differences?
2.Consider the nine principles of war (noted in the syllabus and elsewhere).  Based on your understanding of the readings, which were most important to the Chinese?  Which were most important to the Greeks and Romans?  Considering readings in Week 1, did these emphases change in Europe after the Military Revolution?  Cite examples to defend your answer.
3.Based on your readings, assessments and knowledge, is warfare an art or a science?  Cite examples to support your argument.
4.Some scholars (e.g., Victor Davis Hanson) have argued that individual freedom and the the power of free enterprise are responsible for the West’s prevalence in warfare since the Golden Age of Greece. Do you believe that? Present evidence for and against the point, and explain why it is or is not true.
5.What accounts for the growth and professionalism of military forces?  What, social, cultural, political and economic factors made war so frequent and common, especially in Europe?

Please utilize and cite from-
1-  Sun-tzu and how his military theory, explained in The Art of War
2-six military strategy lessons from Clausewitz and Sun-Tzu
3-Russell W. Glenn – No More Principles of War?

and any other pertinent source