# Professional Custom Accounting Papers: threats that the Simploids faced in the experiment

### Section 2 What Makes a Good Experiment (5 pts)

Note, you must get these questions correct to get credit! This means clicking through AND correcting your mistakes when prompted by the program. This section is meant to prime you for creating your own experiments in Section 2!

#### Section 3 Part 1: Save the Simploids! (10 pts)

Section 2 of the lab helps you practice in SimUText and receive feedback as you design experiments, generate quality scientific data, and state conclusions of what is sickening the Simploids. I have provided a table in this document for you to keep track of your experiments and results for your summary report in Section 2 Part 2. 10 pts for answering the questions in SimUText AND completing the tables.

· Work through the warmup questions Q2.1-Q2.3. Then select a hypothesis to test with your first experiment.

· Design and carry out a minimum of TWO experiments to address the problem of the sick Simploids. Based the data from each experiment, answer the questions in SimUText, including stating your scientific conclusion of what is causing the Simploids to sicken.

· Fill in the tables below as you work through SimUText experiments (note that the table does not ask exactly the same things as the tutorial – pay careful attention in order to answer correctly). This will help you organize your summary report that you submit in Section 3 of the lab.

#### Experiment 1

 Hypothesis 1. Simploids are sick due to: Parasites or Herbicides Experiment 1. What is the independent variable? Identify variable Experiment 1. What is (are) the dependent variable(s)? List variables Experiment 1. Which variable(s) did you hold constant across all experimental groups (which may be confounding variables)? List variables Experiment 1. How many replicates did you have of each combination of variables? Number Experiment 1. What do you conclude? Was Hypothesis 1 supported? Yes or No Experiment 1. How did your results support your conclusion. Transcribe summary paragraph from SimUText Section 2 Q2.10 Write a summary paragraph from Q2.10 here

#### Experiment 2

 Hypothesis 2. Simploids are sick due to: Parasites or Herbicides Experiment 2. What is the independent variable? Identify variable Experiment 2. What is (are) the dependent variable(s)? List variables Experiment 2. Which variable(s) did you hold constant across all experimental groups (which may be confounding variables)? List variables Experiment 2. How many replicates did you have of each combination of variables? Number Experiment 2. What do you conclude? Was Hypothesis 2 supported? Yes or No Experiment 2. How did your results support your conclusion for Experiment 2. Type answer here

#### Overall conclusion

 Draft explanation to town of Idyllic. Transcribe your explanation from SimUText Section 2 Q2.15. Summarize answer from Q2.15 here

· After conducting each experiment, export ALL the data from that experiment to your computer (see button below!):

Click “Export Data” (see image to the left!) and then save the file (default name is “results.txt”) to your computer. Make sure to give your two results files different names. Open the files in a spreadsheet application and organize the data into data tables. You are encouraged, but not required, to make graphs of key results. Your summary report in Section 3 Part 2 MUST refer to the tables and any graphs submitted.

Helpful Hints: There are descriptions of the data columns in the LAB Background document. The LAB Demonstration video shows how to export data from SimUText and import it to your spreadsheet application. Recall that you learned how to explore, sort, and filter data in the Ecological Footprint lab; those skills will come in handy here as well.

#### Section 3 Part 2: Report with Data (15 pts)

This section is NOT in the SimUText application, and is REQUIRED. Complete a report for the city of Idyllic that states your conclusion of what is happening to the Simploids, describes the experiments you conducted, and provides supporting data for your conclusion. Look to the tables you completed as you worked through Section 2 to fill in the blanks. We have provided a template report letter for you to fill in.

You must present your data in your lab assignment, by submitting your data table(s) (with ALL OF the data) along with a paragraph explaining how you came to your conclusion based on the data. This section requires the use of a spreadsheet application (Microsoft Excel, Google Sheets, etc.) to construct your tables. Paste your tables, with clear descriptions, into the placeholders below.

#### Report to the Town of Idyllic (5 pts)

I have provided a template for your report below. If you did more than two experiments, add another paragraph to the methods for each additional experiment.

· Fill in all areas denoted by red brackets, […], to complete a report on your experiments to submit to the town of Idyllic. Wherever you see [red brackets], you need to type an answer. Please keep your answers in RED text!

Dear Town of Idyllic,

My research into the effects of herbicides and parasites on the health of Simploids indicates [type conclusion here]. Based on these results, I recommend you take the following actions to improve and protect the health of Simploids in your community:

[type recommendations here].

I came to this conclusion by conducting the following experiments.

My first experiment tested […] by experimentally changing […] and observing the effects on […]. This experiment demonstrated that […]. This conclusion is supported by the data shown in Table 2.1 below.

My second experiment tested […] by experimentally changing […] and observing the effects on […]. This experiment demonstrated that […]. This conclusion is supported by the data shown in Table 2.2 below.

Taken together, the results of these experiments indicate that [restate conclusion here] is the cause of Simploid sickness in the town of Idyllic.

#### Table 2.1. Experiment 1 Data Table (5pts)

The data table must be labeled and units clearly indicated. Hint: if there are only a handful of rows or columns in your table, you did something wrong! Go back and review the video to download data from SimUText.

Copy and paste your data table here. (Delete this box)

Description: [Summarize what these data tell you and how you came to your conclusion based on the data.]

#### Table 2.2 Experiment 2 Data Table (5pts)

The data table must be labeled and units clearly indicated. Hint: if there are only a handful of rows or columns in your table, you did something wrong! Go back and review the video to download data from SimUText.

Copy and paste your data table here. (Delete this box)

Description: [Summarize what these data tell you and how you came to your conclusion based on the data.]

#### Section 4 Autograded questions (10 pts)

This section includes 10 autograded questions that you will complete in SimUText.

### Section 5 Synthesis and Relevance (8 pts)

Each lab we will check-in with the current state of the world and let you know how this week’s lab topic is relevant to you and to sustainability. This portion of the lab may reference a news story, scientific study just published, or a local event.

Monarch butterflies – our own Simploids?

The iconic Monarch butterfly is declining – and it is unclear exactly why. In this lab we learned about how experimental design can help us solve a mystery: What was killing the Simploids? Well, in the real world we might ask: What is killing the Monarch Butterflies?

Think about the experiment you performed above and do some internet searching to answer the following questions:

a) Name three threats that the Simploids faced in the experiment above (hint: we only tested two…but there’s one more! What did you have to add to the plots so Simploids could live?? What did they eat??)

b) Name three threats for Monarch Butterflies that are similar to those for the Simploids. (hint: look at the threats for the Simploids; might these be the same or different for butterflies in the real world? Do a little research if you need to!)

c) Now think about how you determined the biggest threat to the Simploids. How could you test which of the three things you listed above is the primary threat for Monarch Butterflies? Write a couple of sentences at least!