Hello, SOCW 6311 Scholars,
For the assignment this week, you will create a logic model. Please use this assignment and the template attached to it for your assignment. I know that Dashboard has a template, but the one I provide has more details to help you complete it correctly.
Your assignment consists of a logic model based on the case study for the week, the Petrakis Family, with an accompanying paragraph for additional details. You will have to find some evidence-based resources to use to identify caregiver needs as a basis for your logic model.
In other words, this week\\\’s work is quite demanding. Please don\\\’t put it off. I strongly suggest starting with the discussion forum information and reading the information and watching the video that I have linked to the discussion. That will make everything much easier to understand. There are lots of examples in those resources that will make the process much clearer than reading about details in the text. When you have time, then read the assigned text material for the week after you\\\’ve looked through the links. If you tackle this week\\\’s work like you might normally do, it will be much harder.
You must use the attached assignment this week because it contains the template that we will build on in future weeks. If you use the template in the Dashboard, you will not be able to do well with work in the upcoming weeks.
I suggest printing out this assignment, and writing your notes in the templates. It will be easier than organize your information that way, in my opinion.
I am attaching an extra template for the logic model in case you need it.
As always, contact me with any questions you have, but not Sunday evening, please! The assignment instructions are attached.
Week 7 Assignment: Developing a Logic Model
As you have learned from the discussion and the video, a logic model is a tool that can be used in planning a program. Using a logic model, social workers can systematically analyze a proposed new program and how the various elements involved in a program relate to each other.
Recalling our discussion this week, we learned that
Logic models are visual representations for program planning and evaluation that link needs, resources, and interventions to intended results.
This assignment involves two components: (1) researching the needs of caregivers from the perspective of researchers, caregivers, and social workers, and (2) developing a logic model for a program to address a need.
Logic models applied at an individual practice or program level
Each time we meet with a client who is requesting help in making a change, we draw upon elements of a logic model, although it may not be immediately apparent that we are applying a logic model to an intervention plan.
These outcomes will be benchmarks that signal effectiveness. If they occur, we can be assured that our plan is effective, but if they fail to achieve improvements, we can look back at our strategies (activities) and outputs (how the activities were conducted) to decide what to continue or revise.
Logic model components (that is, statement of need, resources, outputs, and outcomes) are the same whether used for individuals (practitioner-level logic models) or for groups and communities (program-level logic models).
The logic model exercise you performed for the discussion illustrates how program components have a logical flow from resources to activities, activities to specific details about planned services, and services to anticipated short, intermediate, and long-term benefits. All the components have to be logically connected to one another, which is why this format is called a Logic Model!
Review the items in the Optional Information and Ideas section of my post at the top of the discussion forum for explicit instructions on creating a logic model.
To prepare for this Assignment, review the case study of the Petrakis family, located in this week’s resources. Locate information on the challenges and needs faced by caregivers like Helen Petrakis who are caregivers and responsible for other members of her family as well. The articles listed below may be useful.
Obtain information on needs of caregivers and effective evidence-based services to address them from 1-2 peer-reviewed research articles that describe the perspectives of the caregivers, the person receiving the care, or families dealing with a person receiving care.
At least one article must present a perspective from social work. Do not use nursing articles, as their approach to caregiving is often different from the approach used in social work.
One caregiver or social work perspective may be drawn through an interview with a caregiver or social worker who is knowledgeable about these issues if you know any; otherwise, draw the perspectives from peer-reviewed journals. The needs that are identified from the articles and/or interview will provide background information for your logic model. Several resources in the Walden library are listed at the end of these instructions, but you will find others as well.
Use the information you obtain from the research articles and/or interview to generate a comprehensive logic model that might help Helen and others like her to manage her stress and anxiety in a group format.
Consider how you would create a logic model for a new initiative at the program level that could help people like Helen manage stress and anxiety.
Choose an idea other than a simple support group for the caregivers. Obtaining support alone often does not foster change unless it also includes information and strategies for change. Some people criticize support groups for being little more than “gripe sessions”. Consider a program that would provide education, social activities, engage members in advocacy, arrange respite, or provide other services that would be helpful to caregivers, people who struggle with stress and anxiety like Helen, their families, or any combination of these individuals.
Think about the resources and general approach that would be required to implement such a program (inputs), the services and interventions you might provide or coordinate and potential outcomes (outputs) for clients, their caregivers, and the broader community. Include a method for measuring the outcomes. In some cases, observation can serve as a tool for assessing outcomes.
Format for the Assignment:
Place your name in the running head at the top of the page, with “Week 7 Assignment” – no separate title page or abstract, please.
- Complete Table 1, below, describing three needs of caregivers.
- List two needs of caregivers. One need may be obtained from caregivers or an article describing needs of caregivers and one must be obtained from a social work article related to caregiving as described below:
- List one need of caregivers from the perspective of caregivers or care receivers. If you know a caregiver or care receiver who can give you current information about a caregiver need, you may use their comments in the table below, citing it as a personal communication (Willie Walden (caregiver), in discussion with the author, April, 2021). If you do not know of a caregiver or care receiver to ask about caregiver needs, locate a need of caregivers spoken from their perspective in a research article. Qualitative articles usually have direct quotes from the people surveyed for the article. At least one article must be written by a social worker or include the perspective of a social worker.
- List one need of caregivers from the perspective of a social worker who has expertise with this population. If you know a social worker who can give you current information on needs of caregivers, you may ask them for their views, citing the information as personal communication as in this example: Willie Walden (social worker), in discussion with the author, July, 2021.
If you do not know of any caregiver or social worker to ask about needs of caregivers, locate the needs through two research articles. If you have a relevant quote from a caregiver/care receiver and/or social worker, you may present the statement as it was recorded by the speaker. If you interview someone provide a fictional name for them to protect their privacy.
Identify the source of information, the need identified, and cite the source in Table 1.
|Provider of information||Need identified||Citation|
|Perspective of caregiver or care receiver|
|Perspective from social worker
These needs will provide the rationale for the activities and services offered by your program.
Create a program-level logic model outline from the template in Table 2. Use the template here, not the one on Dashboard. The boxes will expand as you enter your information.
- Place a description of Helen’s problem and relevant conditions that impact her problems and situation across the top of the model (the “situation statement.”) The conditions can be found in the case study for the week.
- Include these components:
- Column 1: 1-2 resources needed and 1-2 resources available to you. (Use your imagination if necessary.)
- Column 2: activities described in your research article that address problems that may be experienced by Helen and others like her (education, counseling, information, mental health, recreation, access to medical care for herself, etc.). The program may be focused on Helen and similar clients, on families of people like Helen with problems, or caregivers for people like Helen.
- Column 3: Details of the activities, services, or interventions that the social worker will perform or coordinate, with at least one action that the client will do to achieve the goals of the program. Base the interventions on recommendations in the article(s) you have read. Include when, where, how often, etc. these actions will be performed or coordinated by the social worker.
If you do not provide these details, there is no way that you can enforce accountability for delivering services and points will be deducted from your score.
In a real situation, if you did not provide the details for the services to be provided, your evaluation could be judged very harshly as unfair, since criteria were not specified for performance. This can have serious repercussions.
- Column 4: Identify who will benefit from the specific activities you have outlined in columns 2 and 3.
- Columns 5, 6, and 7: Results, benefits, and outcomes. Identify two anticipated short-term and intermediate outcomes for group participants, and two long-term outcomes for group participants and/or others who are affected by the situation (family, other providers, the person for whom they do caregiving, for example). Remember that short-term and intermediate benefits for individuals can often be described as behavioral indicators of change anticipated from participation in your program., which you learned in Week 3. Make them concrete and measurable. Stakeholders will do a cost-benefit analysis and will require clear descriptions of expected benefits to know if the outcomes (that is, the benefits or positive changes) justify the costs. You may have to use your imagination to provide observable, measurable benefits of the program.
- Write one succinct but informative paragraph that elaborates on your program-level logic model, including this information:
- Describe your rationale for choosing the two interventions (the “outputs”) that would address the needs you identified.
- Describe the benefits and improved outcomes in the mental or physical health for the caregivers expected from your program. Use your knowledge and/or imagination to fill in the gaps about how your interventions might benefit Helen.
- Identify one practice or fact related to logic models that may be useful in your future practice and explain your choice (1-2 sentences).
Add your reference list at the end of the document (not on a separate page), placing your references in correct APA format, according to the 7th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.
Guidelines for citations are located in the scholarly writing goals in the discussion forums for weeks 2, 3, and 4 and in tutorials on the main webpage of the Walden Writing Center (https://academicguides.waldenu.edu/writingcenter/apa).
Your template for your logic model is below. Place your entries for your logic model into the relevant columns. Refer to the more detailed instructions in the discussion if you need to recall where items are placed in this template.