Term Paper Help Online-Developing an Argument inductive or Deductive

Assignment:

Write a complete 2-4 pages paper that addresses the following: Utilize at least 2-3 credible sources to support the arguments presented in the paper. Make sure you cite them appropriately within your paper, and list them in APA format on your Reference page.

Part 1:

Look for common fallacies like:

  • Sweeping generalizations – this fallacy occurs when an individual makes generalizations (usually stereotypical thinking)
  • Equivocation – in this fallacy a person confuses two senses of the meaning of a word (like a free animal- is it free because it doesn’t cost anything or is it free because it is not in a “cage”?)
  • Red herring – very common in political settings.  This fallacy is a distraction (think of a big red fish – pretty distracting, right?)
  • Circular thinking – typically restating the premise in the conclusion and creating a “circular” argument
  • Appeals to authority – generally this fallacy considers an argument that we should listen to based on some “false” or “non” authority. Is this happening in your argument example?
  • False cause – in this fallacy the writer or speaker attributes a “false” cause to some effect or result (often you will see superstitious thinking used here).

Does the argument align with a philosophical theory or theorist? Choose one philosophical theory or theorist and explain – from that perspective – what you would change to make the argument better.  Think about the steps that you could use to improve the argument. For example, if you pick Socrates as a theorist thinks of how Socrates would reflect upon and engage the argument for change.
Part 2:
Please find an argument to analyze.  Be creative!  Some suggestions are to use a commercial, letter to the editor (or op/ed piece).  Analyze the argument you choose as below:

  1. What is the main purpose of the argument?
  2. Is it inductive?  Deductive?
  3. Are there any fallacies being used?  If so, which ones?