What are these branches and how did the founding fathers justify each branch of government as necessary for a healthy republic

What are these branches and how did the founding fathers justify each branch of government as necessary for a healthy republic

Separation of Powers

The founding fathers divided our system of government into three distinct branches. What are these branches and how did the founding fathers justify each branch of government as necessary for a healthy republic? What is the purpose of separation of powers? Do you think that the founding fathers reflected on the notion of partisan gridlock as they explored the checks and balances built into the three branches? How does this relate to rules and norms that are designed to safeguard the minority from the will of the majority? Is gridlock ever beneficial? Is this something that the founding fathers were concerned with as they negotiated our founding principles? Why or why not?