What did Heraclitus say about the state of everything, as opposed to what Parmenides said about it?

The Pre-Socratics

Who was the first philosopher (in ‘the west’ anyway), and what question was he trying to answer?

*What are the two primary Pre-Socratic questions?

What did the Pythagoreans believe that all was composed of?

What view did the Pythagoreans have of the soul, which later greatly influenced Plato?

*What did Heraclitus say about the state of everything, as opposed to what Parmenides said about it? Give their opposing positions in your own words.