What is clientelism? Why is it critically important for many authoritarian regimes?

  1. Explain the “dictator’s dilemma” and its consequences for authoritarian regimes. Why do democratic regimes not suffer from a similar dilemma?

2. Explain the role supreme leader in authoritarian regimes. Why are they more important than in democratic regimes? Most authoritarian regimes suffer from the problem/challenges of succession. Why? How have Iran and China dealt with the problem of succession?

3. What is clientelism? Why is it critically important for many authoritarian regimes? (What purpose does it serve). Provide examples from the cases.