What is the difference between covert and overt racism?

How would you define cultural competence? In your own words, describe why it is so important that counselors understand the essence of cultural competence, especially within the offender population.

Explain and describe two of the most common barriers to treatment.

Define the concept of stigma. What are some of the origins of stigma especially as it relates to counseling?

What is the difference between covert and overt racism? Provide two examples of each. Is one type of racism more destructive than the other? Why or why not?
What is meant by the concept of a melting pot? How is this related to the significance of counselors being culturally competent in their ability to effectively provide services?