What was the Second Industrial Revolution, and what effects did it have on European economic and social life?

What was the Second Industrial Revolution, and what effects did it have on European economic and social life?What roles did socialist parties and trade unions play in improving conditions for the working classes?
2.

Based on Eduard Bernstein’s The Voice of Evolutionary Socialism, how would you define evolutionary socialism? What broader forces in nineteenth-century European society came together to promote this type of political thinking?

3.

According to Elizabeth Sanford, what is the proper role of women? What forces in nineteenth-century European society merged to shape Sanford’s understanding of “proper” gender roles? In Ibsen’s play, what challenges does Nora Helmer make to Sanford’s view of the proper role and behavior of wives? Why is her husband so shocked? Why did Ibsen title this play A Doll’s House?

4.

What general political trends were evident in the nations ofwestern Europe in the last decades of the nineteenth century, and how did these trends differ from the policies pursued in Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Russia?