Why did the United States outlaw Chinese immigration in 1882 with the Chinese Exclusion Act?

 Why did the United States outlaw Chinese immigration in 1882 with the Chinese Exclusion Act?

On what values was nationalism based?

 

Why did Haussmann’s redesign cause the working class to move outside the city?

 

Why did the Japanese nishiki-e calendar painters have to disguise the symbols for months in their works?

 

Why did Charles Baudelaire speak so disparagingly of George Sand?

 

Why in part did Manet’s Le Déjeuner sur l’herbe (Luncheon on the Grass) disturb its viewers?