Africa was central to Global Trade during the Medieval Period AD 300-1400
Africa played a central role in global trade during the medieval period from AD 300 through AD 1325. This period witnessed the emergence of several trade routes that connected the African continent to other regions of the world. The following are some of the reasons and proofs that Africa was central to Global Trade during the Medieval Period AD 300-1400.
One of the most important trade routes that linked Africa to other regions was the Trans-Saharan trade network. This network connected the Mediterranean to sub-Saharan Africa. It facilitated the exchange of gold, salt, and other valuable goods. The Trans-Saharan trade was established in the 4th century AD and continued to flourish until the 16th century AD. This trade route contributed significantly to the development of African economies. It also helped to establish several trading cities in West Africa, such as Timbuktu, Gao, and Jenne.
In addition to the Trans-Saharan trade, Africa was also an essential player in the Indian Ocean trade network. This trade network was established in the 1st century AD and linked the East African coast to the Middle East, India, and Southeast Asia. African traders, especially those from the Swahili coast, were actively involved in this trade. They exchanged goods such as ivory, gold, and slaves for textiles, spices, and ceramics. This further provides proof that Africa was central to Global Trade during the Medieval Period AD 300-1400.
Africa was also central to the trade in luxury goods such as gold, ivory, and slaves. These goods were highly prized in Europe, the Middle East, and Asia. African traders played a crucial role in their exchange. The trade in gold from West Africa, in particular, was instrumental in the development of medieval Europe. It provided the resources necessary for the growth of European economies and the expansion of its trade networks.
Finally, the medieval period witnessed the emergence of several trading cities in Africa, such as Cairo, Timbuktu, and Mogadishu. These cities became hubs for international trade and attracted traders from different regions of the world. The development of these cities was a testament to the importance of Africa in the global trade network during the medieval period.
In conclusion, Africa played a central role in global trade during the medieval period from AD 300 through AD 1325. The Trans-Saharan trade, the Indian Ocean trade, the trade in luxury goods, and the emergence of trading cities all attest to Africa’s importance in the global trade network.